All municipalities are originally incorporated as
towns. When a town's population exceeds 2,000, residents may choose, by referendum,
to become a city. A city is governed by a mayor and a common council, while a town
is governed by a town council. Towns may hire a town manager.
Cities are classified by their population:
First Class 250,000 and over
Second Class 35,000 to 250,000
Third Class Under 35,000
Indianapolis is the only City in Indiana of the first class. Cities of the second class are: Fort Wayne, Gary, Evansville, South Bend, Hammond, Muncie, Anderson, Terre Haute, Bloomington, Kokomo, Lafayette, Richmond, Elkhart, Mishawaka, East Chicago, New Albany, Michigan City, and Marion.
Towns are not classified; currently, their populations range from under 100 persons to over 25,000.